The State of Higher Education Part 2
Earning a high school diploma or GED is the first step in creating a solid foundation for the future. Finding a job that doesn’t require a diploma or GED is near impossible, and universities, colleges, and trade or vocational schools require one or the other to attend.
By the time young Alaskans graduate high school, they are ready for something different. Living under their parent’s roof has gone on long enough, and they are ready for a job, a car, and freedom to make their own decisions.
They could join the military. Nothing wrong with that. They could attend the University of Alaska or go to a community college. They could do what many people seem to be afraid of doing right now – attend a trade or vocational school.
University, community college, trade school or vocational school? What type of education will help them to be the most successful, give them the best opportunities and the best jobs?
Laborer’s Apprenticeship Training
Alaska’s construction industry seems to be doing well. New homes are being built in The Valley, and the State continues to invest in infrastructure to support Alaskans and our national strategic military missions. Training in the construction trades is a natural path toward good-paying jobs doing productive work.
A new Laborer’s Construction Training School is located at 17805 Old Glenn Highway in Chugiak. Wes Canfield is the Apprentice Coordinator.
According to Canfield, Laborer’s construction training at the facility covers a wide variety of construction industry certifications as well as skills development. Mandatory certifications are provided for foundational training, as are specialty certifications and training: flagging, traffic control technician, mining safety and health administration (MSHA), OSHA 10/30, hazardous waste handling, asbestos abatement supervisor, hazardous paint handling, and CPR/1st aid/AED. Other classes include pipeline construction and maintenance, heavy civil work, highway construction, hoisting & rigging, demolition, site cleanup and environmental specialties including asbestos abatement, hazardous waste, silica hazards and paint handling. Skills development training: grade checking (surveying for construction), pipe laying for underground utilities, scaffold erecting, fencing, and all aspects of concrete work, as well as how to support the other crafts on jobs.
“These trainings include all aspects of construction that a Laborer is expected to do,” said Canfield.
Good jobs that will support a family.
“As a Laborer, the individual has an opportunity to learn construction work, literally from the ground up. Often individuals track from Apprentice to Journey Worker to Foreman to General Foreman. From there people can move into Superintendent positions while others choose to run their own companies. Some people find their strength in specific skills they can stick with while others enjoy the variety of duties and can truly do it all. Different pay rates apply to different jobs,” said Canfield.
So, what difference does Canfield see between his apprenticeship program and going to college?
“I like to think of the Laborers Apprenticeship program as construction college,” explained Canfield. “It is very much like earning a degree, allowing one to support themselves and their family, and become part of the middle class. The major difference is there are no up-front costs to go through the program, and you get paid for all the on-the-job training.”
Starting wage for a new apprentice is over $18/hour. After course completion, journey workers are paid $31/hour. Many jobs include a lot of overtime as well.
AVTEC – Alaska’s Institute of Technology
This program in the Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development is based in Seward. With their ever evolving mission of training Alaskan’s for work demanded by Industry, the career and technical education center (CTE) AVTEC provides Alaska’s residents a means to an entry-level career in under a year.
The AVTEC Information Technology Department offers training: Business & Office Technology, Accounting Specialist, Administrative Assistant, Medical Administrative and Technology Office Assistant, as well as Information Technology. Welding and Diesel/Heavy Equipment training is offered through the Applied Technologies Department. Construction Technology, Plumbing and Heating, Refrigeration, Power Plant Operation, Industrial Electricity, and related studies are taught through the Energy & Building Technology Department. Master/Mate Marine Training and Qualified Member of Engine Department (QMED) Marine Oiler training are offered through the Alaska Maritime Training Center. Professional Cooking and Baking is available through the Alaska Culinary Academy.
“We need to do away with the out-dated and inaccurate notion that Career & Technical Education is for those who would not be successful attending a four-year university, as that would include the majority of our recent Alaska graduates,” explained instructor Deb Burdick-Hinton. “Nearly 90 percent of AVTEC students successfully complete their training program AND are placed in jobs within their training area within a year. Success breeds success, and many of our graduates continue to climb the career ladders within their professions, continuing their education for a lifetime. That often includes traditional university education. The hands-on minds-on, practical, highly technical, challenging training offered at AVTEC appeals to a diverse student population. Students who successfully complete their AVTEC training and earn industry credentials graduate with the confidence and motivation to continue achieving for a lifetime and serve as excellent role models to their peers, family, and community.”
University of Alaska
The University of Alaska Anchorage started out as Anchorage Community College and consisted mostly of evening courses held at West High School. The primary campus was located in Fairbanks, which was originally established to help Alaskans rise to the challenge of statehood.
Over the years, the community colleges were absorbed into UA, but the range of offerings has expanded considerably. With campuses in Fairbanks, Anchorage, and Southeast, satellite campuses in Eagle River and Mat-Su Valley, and online courses, students virtually anywhere in the state can receive an education from the University of Alaska.
Diane Erickson is head of Academic Affairs at UA’s Mat-Su College, and she was very specific about finding career opportunities for young people just out of high school. “Really, what people need to look at is: What are they passionate about doing? What kind of a learner are they – and, what kind of a pathway do they want to get on?”
The array of options through the UA system is impressive, and opportunities for meaningful training at Mat-Su College are considerable. The academic track begins with Associate of Arts (AA) or Associate of Science (AAS) degrees taking on average two years to complete. The AA degree combines broad studies in written communication, oral communication, humanities, mathematics, natural sciences, and social sciences, with elective coursework selected by the student. This degree provides broad exposure to systems of thought and inquiry, allows exploration of various disciplines and learning experiences, and provides a solid foundation for further study at the baccalaureate (BA or BS) level. AAS programs prepare students for work in a particular field of employment. Some AAS degrees are designed to provide a foundation for a specifically related baccalaureate degree. Students in these degree programs build knowledge and skills needed to carry out specific tasks while they develop abilities in the essential elements of communications, computation, and human relations.
Taking classes through a community college is a good choice for students who need time to explore a variety of disciplines before selecting a career pathway. It is also a great bridge for those who are starting as an older student or are returning to build needed skills.
Mat-Su College offers certificates in the Accounting, Computer Information and Office Systems (CIOS), Computer Systems Technology, General Business, Small Business Administration, Human Services, Veterinary Assistant, Paramedical Technology, Refrigeration & Heating, and Sustainable Energy. A review of the web page will provide further information regarding these programs.
Building a solid foundation for the future is worth the investment, no matter what type of postsecondary education you choose. Training for a trade or higher academic study is necessary for anyone who hopes to make a living wage in Alaska.
Donn Liston has lived in Alaska since 1962 and in Eagle River since 2010. He was a reporter for the Anchorage Daily News during pipeline construction and is now a teacher after becoming certified in Juneau after living there 20 years. He has taught Adult Basic Education for the last 10 years. To reach Donn, email: email@example.com.